Net Present Value (NPV) Money now is more valuable than money later on. Why? Because you can use money to make more money! You could run a business, or buy something now and sell it later for more, or simply put the money in the bank to earn interest. Net present value is used to estimate the profitability of projects or investments. Here's how to calculate NPV using Microsoft Excel. How to Calculate NPV (Net Present Value) in Excel - Duration: 2:56. InnoRative 5,341 views. 2:56. Using Excel to calculate NPV and IRR - Duration: 4:12. danthehokie 83,973 views. How to Calculate NPV in Excel. Explore this Article. Steps. Steps Other Sections. Questions & Answers Tips and Warnings Related Articles References Article Summary Written by Jack Lloyd. Technology Writer & Editor. January 18, 2020 Tested. X. This article was written by Jack. Net present value (NPV) is the present value of all future cash flows of a project. Because the time-value of money dictates that money is worth more now than it is in the future, the value of a project is not simply the sum of all future cash flows. Net present value (NPV) is a method of balancing the current value of all future cash flows generated by a project against initial capital investment. In the business world, net present value (or NPV) is one of the most helpful tools available for financial decision making. Usually, NPV is used to estimate whether a certain purchase or investment is worth more in the long run than simply investing an equivalent amount of money in a savings account at the bank. How to calculate NPV in Excel. When the initial investment is made at the start of the first period, we can treat it as a cash flow at the end of the previous period (i.e. period 0). With that in mind, there are two simple ways to find NPV in Excel. Excel NPV formula 1 Calculator Use. Calculate the net present value (NPV) of a series of future cash flows.More specifically, you can calculate the present value of uneven cash flows (or even cash flows). See Present Value Cash Flows Calculator for related formulas and calculations. Interest Rate (discount rate per period)